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Electrochemical Biosensor Immobilization of Formaldehyde Dehydrogenase with Nafion for Determination of Formaldehyde from Indian Mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) Fish

[ Vol. 8 , Issue. 4 ]


NurIndang Marzuki, Fatimah Abu Bakar, Abu Bakar Salleh, Lee Yook Heng, Nor Azah Yusof and Shafiquzzaman Siddiquee   Pages 534 - 542 ( 9 )


An electrochemical biosensor was developed based on formaldehyde dehydrogenase immobilized with Nafion membrane for determination of formaldehyde in fish. The enzyme was immobilized through the entrapment technique and measured based on the reduction of &bgr;-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. The response time of the formaldehyde biosensor was <1 min, with an optimum pH of 8. The optimum enzyme loading and NAD+ concentrations were found at 30 mg/mL and 0.5 mM, respectively. Using the formaldehyde biosensor, a linear response of formaldehyde showed a range of 0.1 to 10 ppm and a detection limit of 0.016 ppm. In application of Nash method, the samples were stored at 4°C ± 1 for 10 days. With the two combined methods, a linear correlation coefficient with R2 = 0.9982 (y = 0.956x - 0.014) was found. The developed formaldehyde biosensor showed a good reproducibility, long storage stability (more than 6 months stored at 4°C), and also effective monitoring of formaldehyde level in Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta) fish.


Electrochemical biosensor, Formaldehyde dehydrogenase, Formaldehyde, Nafion, Indian Mackerel.


Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

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