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Comprehensive Evaluation and Clinical Application of Combined Redox Assay Methods to Determine Total Antioxidant Capacity

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Tinghui Cao, Naijin Xu, Min He and Hui Liu*   Pages 493 - 498 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: The ability to accurately assess antioxidant activity would help monitor oxidation- reduction balance and the occurrence and progress of disease. Thus, the purpose of this study is to establish a combination serum assay for determination of total antioxidant capacity. It is important and also has potential clinical application.

Methods: Exogenous oxidants such as iodine (I2), potassium permanganate (KMnO4) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were evaluated in the assay of total antioxidant capacity of serum by employing various detection methods. These methods include electrode potential, microtitration method, and agar diffusion. Based on the evaluation of repeatability, linearity, relative resolution, and detection conditions from seven methods, we found that the combination of three assay methods were optimal to determine total antioxidant capacity of serum from diabetes patients and healthy participants.

Results: Precision of the methods was acceptable and good linear relationships were observed between the measured values and the serum percent concentration. We conducted comparative analysis of assay results, i.e., calculation of relative resolution, and finally selected I2/KI and H2O2 electrode potential, and KMnO4 microtitration in combination as an optimized assay of total antioxidant capacity. Total antioxidant capacity of serum from 30 diabetes patients was lower than that of 30 age- and sex-matched healthy participants (P<0.001). Stratification analysis of assay results through the determination of antioxidant capacity allowed to distinguish diabetes patients from healthy participants.

Conclusion: The combined use of three assay methods optimized the determination of total antioxidant capacity of serum. It is better to use a variety of methods in the clinical testing.

Keywords:

Combinatorial chemistry techniques, diabetes mellitus, oxidation reduction status, serum, total antioxidant capacity, exogenous oxidants.

Affiliation:

College of Medical Laboratory, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, Department of Chemistry, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, College of Medical Laboratory, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044, College of Medical Laboratory, Dalian Medical University, Dalian 116044

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