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Molecular Counting of Captopril by a Microfluidic Chip-Thermal Lens Microscopy System

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Atefeh Abbasi-Ahd, Nader Shokoufi* and Kazem Kargosha   Pages 508 - 514 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: The photo thermal lens microscopy is a technique based on measurement of the temperature rise which is generated in an illuminated matrix because of non-radiative relaxation of absorbed energy from a laser. It is an ideal system for low detection volume measurements in a micro channel. Hence, in this study, a combined microfluidic chip-photo thermal lens microscopy (MFCPTLM) system was assembled for highly sensitive determination of captopril.

Captopril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor used to treat hypertension, congestive heart failure and kidney problem caused by diabetes. Captopril had no absorption in visible range but due to its thiol group, it could interact with Gold nanoparticles (GNPs). So, GNPs act as its labeling agent and the semi-selective measurement of captopril was achieved.

Methods: A 3.35 nM GNPs and captopril solution by the same flow rate were introduced to the microchannels by microsyringe pumps. The mixture was detected with an assembled PTLM system.

The applicability of optimized method for determination of captopril in human Serum and pharmaceutical sample was investigated as well.

Results: The thiol group of captopril bonded to the surface of GNPs, created the core-shell form and reduced the surface plasmon resonance of GNPs; as a consequence, the PTLM signal of GNPs decreased following the increase in captopril concentration. The difference between the PTLM signals of sample and blank was calculated as a ΔPTLM signal.

The detection volume of the PTLM was calculated to be 2.68 fL. At the optimum condition this optical view comprised of 5.4 GNPs, surrounded by 65-1049 captopril molecules.

Conclusion: In this study, we proposed a sensitive method for the determination of captopril, based on photo thermal lensing of GNPs in a glass microfluidic chip. The S-type form of microchannel and the micro space scale of that enhanced the surface interaction of captopril molecules and GNPs and resulted in more effective reaction.

In addition to the fast interaction time and low detection volume, the main features of this method are simplicity, good analytical performance, and low reagent consumption in comparison with batch procedures. The combination of this system with a highly sensitive method such as PTLM reduced the difficulty of sampling which makes it more attractive.

The results show the capability of the method for sensitive measurement of captopril in human serum sample and pharmaceutical tablets.

Keywords:

Microfluidic chip (MFC), photo thermal lens microscopy (PTLM), captopril, gold nanoparticles (GNPs), surface plasmon resonance (SPR), and molecular scale measurement.

Affiliation:

Analytical Instrumentation and Spectroscopy Lab, Department of Green Technologies, Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran (CCERCI), Tehran, Analytical Instrumentation and Spectroscopy Lab, Department of Green Technologies, Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran (CCERCI); Pazhuhesh Blvd., 17th km of Tehran-Karaj highway, Tehran 14968-13151, Analytical Instrumentation and Spectroscopy Lab, Department of Green Technologies, Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran (CCERCI), Tehran

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