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Recent Advances in Silver Nanoparticle Containing Biopolymer Nanocomposites for Infectious Disease Control – A Mini Review

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Md. A. Wahab*, Nazrul Islam, M. Enamul Hoque and David James Young   Pages 198 - 202 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Background: Silver nanoparticle (Ag NP)-containing biolpolymer nanocomposites possess antibacterial activity, which is largely associated with the NP size, shape, surface area and medium.

Methods: These biomaterials have been investigated as dressing for wounds and burns, treatment for infected areas, coatings for orthopaedic and dental implants and for water disinfection.

Results: This broad-acting and potent antibacterial activity is likely due to a multifaceted mechanism of action that is not completely understood. Although the Ag NPs are useful against antibiotic resistant bacteria, their level of toxicity is not well established and requires further investigation.

Conclusion: This review details the brief perspective, critical analysis of the currently available articles and discusses the future applications of these potentially life-saving nanocomposites.

Keywords:

Antibacterial, infectious diseases, nanoparticles, silver, biopolymers, chitosan, polycaprolactone, polyurethane, bone, dental, orthopedic, water disinfection.

Affiliation:

Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland 4558, Pharmacy Discipline, Faculty of Health, School of Clinical Sciences, QUT, 2 George Street, Brisbane, Queensland, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology (MIST), Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka - 1206, Faculty of Science, Health, Education and Engineering, University of Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore DC, Queensland 4558

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