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Eco-Friendly Green Liquid Chromatographic Separations of a Novel Combination of Azelastine and Fluticasone in the Presence of Their Pharmaceutical Dosage form Additives

Author(s):

Amal A. El-Masry, Mohammed E. A. Hammouda*, Dalia R. El-Wasseef and Saadia M. El-Ashry   Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: The first highly sensitive, rapid and specific green microemulsion liquid chromatographic (MELC) method was established for the simultaneous estimation of fluticasone propionate (FLU) and azelastine HCl (AZL) in the presence of their pharmaceutical dosage form additives (phenylethyl alcohol (PEA) and benzalkonium chloride (BNZ)). Methods: The separation was performed on a C18 column using (o/w) microemulsion as a mobile phase which contains 0.2 M sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) as surfactant, 10% butanol as cosurfactant, 1% n-octanol as internal phase and 0.3% triethylamine (TEA) adjusted at pH 6 by 0.02 M phosphoric acid; with UV detection at 220 nm and programmed with flow rate of 1 mL/min. Results: The validation characteristics e.g. linearity, lower limit of quantification (LOQ), lower limit of detection (LOD), accuracy, precision, robustness and specificity were investigated. The proposed method showed linearity over the concentration range of (0.5-25 μg/mL) and (0.1-25 μg/mL) for FLU and AZL, respectively. Besides that, the method was adopted in a short chromatographic run with satisfactory resolution factors of (2.39, 3.78 and 6.74 between PEA/FLU, FLU/AZL and AZL/BNZ), respectively. The performed method was efficiently applied to pharmaceutical nasal spray with (mean recoveries ± SD) (99.80 ± 0.97) and (100.26 ± 0.96) for FLU and AZL, respectively. Conclusion: The suggested method was based on simultaneous determination of FLU and AZL in the presence of PEA and BNZ in pure form, laboratory synthetic mixture and its combined pharmaceutical dosage form using green MELC technique with UV detection. The proposed method appeared to be superior to the reported ones of being more sensitive and specific, as well as the separation was achieved with good performance in a relatively short analysis time (less than 7.5 min). Highly acceptable values of LOD and% RSD make this method superior to be used in quality control laboratories with of HPLC technique.

Keywords:

Fluticasone propionate (FLU), Azelastine HCl (AZL), Phenylethyl alcohol (PEA), Benzalkonium chloride (BNZ), HPLC, Green Microemulsion liquid chromatography (MELC), Nasal spray

Affiliation:

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, 35516, Mansoura, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, 35516, Mansoura, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, 35516, Mansoura, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, 35516, Mansoura



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