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Carbon Paste Modified Electrode as Powerful Sensor Approach Determination of Food Contaminants, Drug Ingredients, and Environmental Pollutants: A Review


Hassan Karimi-Maleh*, Fatemeh Karimi, Morteza Rezapour, Majede Bijad, Mohammad Farsi, Aliasghar Beheshti and Seyed-Ahmad Shahidi   Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )


Background: Application of electrochemical sensors for analysis of food, biological and water polluting compounds helps to speed up their analysis in the real samples. Electrochemical sensors with low cost, fast response and portable ability are a better choice compared to traditional methods for analysis of electro-active compounds such as HPLC. Therefore, in recent years, many analytical scientists have suggested this type of analytical method for analysis of food, biological compounds and water pollutants. Objective: Due to low cost, easy modification and low non-faradic current, the carbon paste electrode is a suitable choice as a working electrode in the electrochemical and especially voltammetric analysis. On the other hand, modification of carbon paste electrode can improve the quality of the sensor for the analysis of electroactive compounds at nanomolar level.


Carbon paste electrode, electrochemistry, Modified electrode, Food, drug and water pollutant analysis


Department of Chemistry, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Department of Chemical Engineering, Laboratory of Nanotechnology, Quchan University of Technology, Quchan, IP Department, Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI), P.O. Box 14665-137, Tehran, Department of Food Science, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Department of Food Science, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Department of Water Resources Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Department of Food Science and Technology, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol

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