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A Sensitive and Selective Electrochemical Sensor for Sulfadimethoxine Based on Electropolymerized Molecularly Imprinted Poly (o-aminophenol) Film

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 4 ]


Youyuan Peng* and Qiaolan Ji   Pages 413 - 420 ( 8 )


Background: As a broad-spectrum antibiotic of the sulfonamide family, Sulfadimethoxine (SDM) has been widely utilized for therapeutic and growth-promoting purposes in animals. However, the use of SDM can cause residual problems. Even a low concentration of SDM in the aquatic system can exert toxic effects on target organisms and green algae. Therefore, the quantitation of SDM residues has become an important task.

Methods: The present work describes the development of a sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor for sulfadimethoxine based on molecularly imprinted poly(o-aminophenol) film. The molecular imprinted polymer film was fabricated by electropolymerizing o-aminophenol in the presence of SDM after depositing carboxylfunctionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes onto a glassy carbon electrode surface. SDM can be quickly removed by electrochemical methods. The imprinted polymer film was characterized by cyclic voltammetry, differential pulse voltammetry and scanning electron microscopy.

Results: Under the selected optimal conditions, the molecularly imprinted sensor shows a linear range from 1.0 × 10-7 to 2.0 × 10-5 mol L-1 for SDM, with a detection limit of 4.0 × 10-8 mol L-1. The sensor was applied to the determination of SDM in aquaculture water samples successfully, with the recoveries ranging from 95% to 106%.

Conclusion: The proposed sensor exhibited a high degree of selectivity for SDM in comparison to other structurally similar molecules, along with long-term stability, good reproducibility and excellent regeneration capacity. The sensor may offer a feasible strategy for the analysis of SDM in aquaculture water samples.


Electrochemical polymerization, electrochemical sensor, molecularly imprinted polymer, multiwalled carbon nanotubes, poly(o-aminophenol) film, sulfadimethoxine.


College of Chemical Engineering and Material Sciences, Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou 362000, Fujian, College of Chemical Engineering and Material Sciences, Quanzhou Normal University, Quanzhou 362000, Fujian

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