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Effective Dye Degradation Using Sol-Gel Synthesized Titania Nanostructures


Priyanka Karathan Parakkandy, Kagalagodu Manjunthiah Balakrishna and Thomas Varghese*   Pages 1 - 9 ( 9 )


Background: The organic effluents from industry remain one of the reasons for water contamination. By natural degradation process, it is difficult to remove this; hence finding an effective solution for this is inevitable. TiO2-based materials have received enormous attention in the area of semiconductor photocatalysis, particularly for the degradation of organic dyes. This work emphasize on the degradation of two industrial dyes methylene blue and rhodamine blue by visible light irradiation of TiO2 based nanoparticles.

Methods: In the present study, pristine and La3+ and Ce3+ doped nanotitania were synthesized by sol-gel method. The samples under investigation were characterized using X-ray diffraction, Transmission electron microscopy to study the variation of crystallite size and UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy.

Results: The increase in crystallite size for the pristine samples calcined at various temperatures confirms the effect of calcination temperature. Also, the doping reduced the size of the synthesized nanotitania. Visible light extended absorption spectra have been observed for the calcined samples and Ce3+ doped nanotitania. The La3+ doped sample showed a blue shift in the absorption confirming quantum confinement. The photocatalytic activity in the context of degradation of certain industrial dyes such as methylene blue and rhodamine blue has been investigated for the samples.

Conclusion: The studies found that nanotitania consisting of mixed anatase-rutile phase exhibits higher degradation efficiency than that of pure anatase or rutile samples. Besides, photocatalytic dye degradation has been significantly improved for Ce3+ doped nanotitania compared to the pristine sample.


Nanotitania, Sol-gel synthesis, Photocatalysis, Anatase, Rutile, photocatalytic activity


Departtment of Physics, M.S. Ramaiah University of Applied Science, Bangalore- 560058, Karnataka, Department of Physics, Mangalore University, Mangalore-574 099, Karnataka, Department of Physics, Nanoscience Research Centre (NSRC), Nirmala College, Muvattupuzha-686 661, Kerala

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