Najma Memon, Tahira Qureshi, Muhammad Iqbal Bhanger* and Muhammad Imran Malik Pages 349 - 372 ( 24 )
Background: Liquid chromatography is the workhorse of analytical laboratories of pharmaceutical companies for analysis of bulk drug materials, intermediates, drug products, impurities and degradation products. This efficient technique is impeded by its long and tedious analysis procedures. Continuous efforts of scientists to reduce the analysis time resulted in the development of three different approaches namely, HTLC, chromatography using monolithic columns and UHPLC.
Methods: Modern column technology and advances in chromatographic stationary phase including silica-based monolithic columns and reduction in particle and column size (UHPLC) have not only revolutionized the separation power of chromatographic analysis but also have remarkably reduced the analysis time. Automated ultra high-performance chromatographic systems equipped with state-ofthe- art software and detection systems have now spawned a new field of analysis, termed as Fast Liquid Chromatography (FLC). The chromatographic approaches that can be included in FLC are hightemperature liquid chromatography, chromatography using monolithic column, and ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography.
Results: This review summarizes the progress of FLC in pharmaceutical analysis during the period from year 2008 to 2017 focusing on detecting pharmaceutical drugs in various matrices, characterizing active compounds of natural products, and drug metabolites. High temperature, change in the mobile phase, use of monolithic columns, new non-porous, semi-porous and fully porous reduced particle size of/less than 3μm packed columns technology with high-pressure pumps have been extensively studied and successively applied to real samples. These factors revolutionized the fast high-performance separations.
Conclusion: Taking into account the recent development in fast liquid chromatography approaches, future trends can be clearly predicated. UHPLC must be the most popular approach followed by the use of monolithic columns. Use of high temperatures during analysis is not a feasible approach especially for pharmaceutical analysis due to thermosensitive nature of analytes.
Drug analysis, monolithic columns, fast liquid chromatography, high-temperature liquid chromatography, pharmaceutical analysis, ultra performance liquid chromatography.
National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, Univeristy of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, Univeristy of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi, Karachi-75270