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Alcohol Determination by HPLC with Postcolumn Derivatization Based on the Thiosulfate-catalyzed Reaction of Alcohols and Cerium(IV) and Fluorescence Detection of Cerium(III)

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Ikko Mikami*, Eri Shibayama and Kengo Takagi   Pages 1194 - 1200 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: Determination of a reducing substance based on the reaction between Ce(IV) and a reducing substance and fluorescence detection of Ce(III) generated has been reported as a selective and sensitive method. However, this method could not be applied to the determination of alcohol due to the low reaction rate of alcohol and Ce(IV).

Objective: We found that thiosulfate catalytically enhanced the reaction of alcohols (such as, methanol, ethanol, and propanol) and Ce(IV). Utilizing this effect, we developed a new method for the determination of alcohols.

Methods: Alcohols were detected using the reaction of Ce(IV) with alcohols in the presence of thiosulfate and fluorescence detection of the Ce(III) generated by the reaction.

Results: In the presence of thiosulfate, an increase in fluorescence intensity was detected by injecting alcohol at concentrations of several millimolar, whereas it was not observed even at the concentration of 10% v/v (2 M for ethanol) in the absence of thiosulfate. The optimum detection conditions were determined to be 4.0 mM Ce(IV) sulfate and 0.50 mM thiosulfate, and the detection limit (S/N = 3) of ethanol under these conditions was 1 mM. In the calibration curves, changes in the slope were observed when the alcohol concentrations were approximately 10–25 mM. Using a thiosulfate solution containing ethanol as the reaction solution, a calibration curve without any change in slope was obtained, although the concentration of ethanol at the detection limit increased. The alcohols in the liquor and fuel were successfully analyzed using the proposed detection method as a postcolumn reaction.

Conclusion: This new alcohol detection method using a versatile fluorescence detector can be applied to the postcolumn reaction of HPLC omitting need of time-consuming pretreatment processes.

Keywords:

Fluorescence detection, cerium, alcohols, ethanol, thiosulfate, HPLC.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Tokai University, 4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka kanagawa 259-1292, Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Tokai University, 4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka kanagawa 259-1292, Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Tokai University, 4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka kanagawa 259-1292

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