Rajasekhar Chokkareddy, Suvardhan Kanchi* and Inamuddin Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )
Background: The invention of enhanced Raman scattering by adsorbing molecules on nanostructured metal surfaces is a milestone in the development of spectroscopic and analytical techniques. Important experimental and theoretical efforts were geared towards understanding the Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering effect (SERS) and evaluating its significance in a wide range of fields in different types of ultrasensitive sensing applications.
Methods: Metal nanoclusters have been widely studied due to their unique structure and individual properties, which place them among single metal atoms and larger nanoparticles. In general, the nanoparticles with a size less than 2 nm is defined as nanoclusters (NCs) and they possess distinct optical properties. In addition, the excited electrons from absorption bands results in the emission of positive luminescence associated to the quantum size effect in which separate energy levels are produced.
Results: It is demonstrated that fluorescent based SERS investigations of metal nanoparticles have showed more photostability, high compatibility, and good water solubility, has resulted in high sensitivity, better imaging and sensing experience in the biomedical applications.
Conclusion: In the present review, we report recent trends in the synthesis of metal nanoclusters and their applications in biosensing and bio-imaging applications due some benefits including cost-effectiveness, easy synthesis routes and less consumption of sample volumes. Outcomes of this study confirms that SERS based fluorescent nanoclusters could be one of thrust research areas in biochemistry and biomedical engineering.
Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering, Nanoclusters, Sensing and imaging, Nanotechnology, biochemistry, biomedical engineering.
Department of Chemistry, Durban University of Technology, Durban 4000, Department of Chemistry, Durban University of Technology, Durban 4000, Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589